Calais, France. February - September 2016 on assignment for The Independent.


In February 2016, the French authorities cleared the southern section of The Calais Jungle, a term coined by the residents living there.


The prefecture announced that the 800 people living on the south side of the Calais Jungle were to be re-housed into 1,200 accommodations provided by the state. In reality, as confirmed by local NGOs, there were over 3,400 inhabitants including over 400 unaccompanied minors.


The French authorities gave a days warning to people to leave their tents and shelters. The following morning they came in with bulldozers and destroyed the shelters, and used force to evict those who hadn't already left.


The Gendarmes and CRS police forces remain unpopular amongst the people in the camps. Their heavy-handed approach to quelling disputes, including employing tear gas, rubber bullets and using force to evict people from their shelters resulted in a tense dynamic in the camps.

 Iranian boy with sewn mouth on hunger strike in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Iranian teenage boy on hunger strike in the Calais Jungle. A total of 12 men stitched their mouths and remained on hunger strike for 25 days.

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An Iranian teenage boy on hunger strike in the Calais Jungle. A total of 12 men stitched their mouths and remained on hunger strike for 25 days.

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afghan man with orange scarf in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Afghan man in the Calais Jungle, 2016

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An Afghan man in the Calais Jungle, 2016

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man carrying wood through fire in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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A young man flees the south Calais Jungle during its closure in February 2016. 

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A young man flees the south Calais Jungle during its closure in February 2016. 

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afghan man on floor with boxing gloves in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Afghan man prepares for boxing practice in the Calais Jungle boxing club

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An Afghan man prepares for boxing practice in the Calais Jungle boxing club

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road overpass in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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The main entrance to the Calais Jungle

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The main entrance to the Calais Jungle

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mosque in in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Mosque, Calais Jungle

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Mosque, Calais Jungle

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refugee man by fire at night in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Afghan man warms his hands by a fire in the Dunkirk refugee camp.

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An Afghan man warms his hands by a fire in the Dunkirk refugee camp.

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multi coloured fabric blanket in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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dirt and fabric in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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boy with kite inside tent in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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A Kurdish Iraqi boy inside his family's makeshift home in a MSF run refugee camp in Dunkirk, France.

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A Kurdish Iraqi boy inside his family's makeshift home in a MSF run refugee camp in Dunkirk, France.

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toy in mud in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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mounds of earth in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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silhouette of man and bike with tarpaulin in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Afghan man rests his bike against his tent in the Calais Jungle

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An Afghan man rests his bike against his tent in the Calais Jungle

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silhouette of french police in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Gendarmes guard the entrance to the minors bus during the closure of the Calais Jungle in 2016.

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Gendarmes guard the entrance to the minors bus during the closure of the Calais Jungle in 2016.

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green algae and bottles in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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virgin mary and police car in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Police van beside the contents of the Calais Jungle Church prior to its demolition.

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Police van beside the contents of the Calais Jungle Church prior to its demolition.

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man at telephone pole in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Calais Jungle resident, 2016

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Calais Jungle resident, 2016

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silhouette of man and rubble in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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The remains of a demolished Calais Jungle school

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The remains of a demolished Calais Jungle school

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Sudanese man and red tarpaulin in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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A Sudanese resident of the Calais Jungle outside his tent.

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A Sudanese resident of the Calais Jungle outside his tent.

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red fabric in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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church in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Church, Calais Jungle

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Church, Calais Jungle

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shoe and dirt in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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Remains of the Dunkirk refugee camp in the summer of 2016

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afghan man in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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An Afghan man outside his tent in the Calais Jungle

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An Afghan man outside his tent in the Calais Jungle

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man on phone at night in Calais Jungle refugee camp in France by photographer photojournalist Emily Garthwaite
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A Calais Jungle resident calls home to his family.

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A Calais Jungle resident calls home to his family.

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